Reading tips for the ESL student
Harry Potter was certainly excited when he was given the Marauder’s Map affording him the ability to see his surroundings in real time. Imagine if a similar magical item could help students learn to read revealing the secrets to understanding what they read!
An ESL teacher’s quest: to help their students demonstrate an understanding of text beyond its basic phonemes, words, and phrases. This is a monumental moment when students understand text above its printed, superficial level. It is at this stage that text can reflect something living, breathing and expressing meaning, description and emotion. Students typically get hooked on reading for purpose and pleasure once achieving this ability.
There are a variety of reasons why ESL children may struggle with reading, hesitant to acquire the necessary skills in becoming independent readers. In my experience, it typically stems from a lack of consistent effort, motivation, and time to build meaningful routines that aid in learning. Students need time to review (to reflect), play (to take risks) and build new language skills fostering a sense of personal satisfaction and self-efficacy. This learning cycle helps ESL students to strengthen their phonemic awareness, and word and vocabulary building skills. Context and real life application can also determine a student’s willingness to learn to read… using their language skills outside of school.
The main objective of reading is comprehension, as it allows the reader to understand what the text is about.
Reading comprehension strategies (Aparecium: reveal your secrets!) are “what if…” scenarios devised to help children become better readers. Their aim: to provide students with the ability to decode information using techniques and routines, to equip and build independent and confident readers. These strategies can also be used as individualised assessment tools to help guide students and parents in a prescriptive manner. The results can provide in-depth information about what techniques a reader is using and identify areas that need attention for reading to develop.
Modelling and guiding students in the use of these strategies is an important key to their adoption. The examples below should be easily accessible for the students during guided reading times to serve as a reminder when various reading challenges arise. Parents can also use guided reading strategies at home to reinforce in partnership with the teacher. With practice, students soon figure out secrets of word structures (roots, prefix and suffixes, blends, etc.) transferable to other subject areas in their school day. It is hoped they adopt a marauder’s approach to reading, courageously using the secrets and clues to decode new text with an adventurous spirit while seeking information and entertainment from reading.
*Harry Potter. J. K. Rowling